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  • Gerrit Eicker 09:48 on 18. November 2011 Permalink
    Tags: , , , , , Civil Rights, COICA, , Creative Commons, Demand Progress, E-Parasite Act, , Fight For the Future, , , , , , , , , H.R.3261, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , PPF, PRO-IP Act, , Public Knowledge, , , , S.986, , , , , , , , , ,   

    Internet Censorship: SOPA and PIPA 

    Internet censorship made in the USA: SOPA and PIPA are a major attack on Internet freedom; http://eicker.at/InternetCensorship

     
    • Gerrit Eicker 09:49 on 18. November 2011 Permalink | Reply

      Wikipedia: “The Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), also known as H.R.3261 and the E-Parasite (Enforcing and Protecting American Rights Against Sites Intent on Theft and Exploitation) Act, was introduced in the United States House of Representatives on October 26, 2011 by Representative Lamar Smith (R-TX) and a bipartisan group of 12 initial co-sponsors. – The bill’s sponsors and advocates say it’s needed to help U.S. law enforcement and copyright holders fight online traffic in copyrighted intellectual property and ensuing revenue and job losses. Its opponents say it will ‘break the internet’, cost jobs, and threaten whistleblowers and other free speech. Now before the House Judiciary Committee, it builds on the similar PRO-IP Act of 2008. The Senate’s corresponding bill, the Protect IP Act, was prevented from passing in early 2011 with a hold placed by Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR). – The bill is divided into two titles with the first focusing on combating ‘foreign rogue sites’, websites outside U.S. jurisdiction that enable or facilitate copyright infringement, and the second focusing on increased penalties to combat intellectual property theft via digital means.

      Wikipedia: “PIPA – Protect IP Act, or (Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act of 2011), is also known as United States Senate Bill S.968. It was introduced on May 12, 2011 by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and 11 initial bipartisan co-sponsors. Its goal is to give the government and copyright holders additional tools to curb access to ‘rogue websites dedicated to infringing or counterfeit goods’, especially those registered outside the U.S. The Congressional Budget Office estimated that implementation of the bill would cost the federal government $47 million through 2016, to cover enforcement costs and the hiring and training of 22 new special agents and 26 support staff. The Senate Judiciary Committee passed the bill, but Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) placed a hold on it. – The Protect IP Act is a re-write of the Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (COICA), which failed to pass in 2010. A similar House version of the bill, theStop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) was introduced on October 26, 2011.

      American Censorship: “American Censorship Day: Nov 16, 2011 – Congress holds hearings of the first American Internet censorship system. This bill can pass. If it does the Internet and free speech will never be the same. Join all of us to stop this bill. … Website Blocking – The government can order service providers to block websites for infringing links posted by any users. … Risk of Jail for Ordinary Users – It becomes a felony with a potential 5 year sentence to stream a copyrighted work that would cost more than $2,500 to license, even if you are a totally noncommercial user, e.g. singing a pop song on Facebook. … Chaos for the Internet – Thousands of sites that are legal under the DMCA would face new legal threats. People trying to keep the internet more secure wouldn’t be able to rely on the integrity of the DNS system. … Supporters: Public Knowledge, EFF, Free Software Foundation, Mozilla, Demand Progress, Fight For the Future, PPF, Creative Commons, Wikimedia

      Mashable: “Tumblr, Firefox and Reddit drew broad black lines on their websites Wednesday to protest a proposed U.S. law that Internet companies have dubbed ‘censorship’ and entertainment companies ‘piracy protection.’ – Tumblr has blacked out all user-generated content you see when you first log in. When you click on the gray lines to investigate, you’re told: ‘Congress is holding hearings today and will soon pass a bill empowering corporations to censor the Internet unless you tell them no,’ and then have an option to leave a phone number to be connected to your elected representative.”

      TC: “Among numerous other issues, SOPA and its Senate counterpart, the PROTECT IP Act, would allow copyright holders to easily obtain court orders to stop US payment and ad providers from doing business with foreign sites, force search engines to block links to allegedly infringing sites, and require domain service providers to block domains of allegedly infringing sites from being accessible. Be sure to check out Devin Coldewey’s excellent teardown of SOPA and PROTECT IP for more details on why we and many (but not all) other internet users are opposed.”

      Guardian: “Stop Sopa now – The Stop Online Piracy Act will kill online innovation and serve the interests not of ordinary web users but a corporate cartel – America is fond of chiding other nations about freedom of speech in the internet age. Leaders including President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton are constantly reminding their global counterparts, especially in places like China, that internet censorship is a detriment to open government and honest self-rule. Yet, the Obama administration has used tactics that smell of censorship, and Congress is making common cause with a corporate cartel that wants to turn the internet into little more than an enhanced form of cable television. … The damage Sopa would cause to existing services is bad enough. But the longer-range damage is literally incalculable, because the legislation is aimed at preventing innovation – and speech – that the cartel can’t control. … Meanwhile, the major media have been essentially silent on the issue. I’m not surprised. Big Media is an ally and member of the copyright cartel – and there may be more than a few people in traditional news organisations who fear the internet more than they worry about stifling speech.”

      GigaOM: “The Internet isn’t just pipes; it’s a belief system – Draconian new anti-piracy laws that are being pushed through both the Senate and the House of Representatives are about more than just an academic debate over different legislative methods for fighting copyright infringement. … As the Stop Online Piracy Act – and its cousin the E-Parasite Act – have worked their way through the Senate and the House, a loose coalition of technology companies and open-Internet advocates have come together to oppose the legislation – including companies such as Google, Facebook, Twitter and Yahoo… The Internet by its nature is – among other things – a giant copyright-infringement machine. Because anyone can grab whatever content they wish and change it, mash it up with other content and instantly republish, it’s hugely frightening and threatening for many media companies and content owners. … That doesn’t mean we should encourage piracy, or deprive content owners of the tools to fight it when it occurs, but the reality is that they have those tools already in the DMCA and other existing legislation. SOPA and the E-Parasite Act aren’t just an expansion of those tools, they would alter the balance of power on the internet in fundamental ways and threaten the openness and freedom that generates a lot of the web’s value, both for businesses and for society as a whole. That’s not a trade we should make lightly, if at all.”

      EFF: “This week the House of Representatives opens hearings on the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), a bill that EFF – along with a number of prominent organizations and other actors – has opposed loudly and vigorously. – Though the bill would have grave implications on free expression for American Internet users, website owners, and intermediaries, its effects on the international community are even worse. In light of that fact, a coalition of international civil society and human rights groups have penned a letter expressing their opposition to the bill.

      SOPA Letter From Int’l Human Rights Community: “As press freedom and human rights advocates, we write to express our deep concern withH.R. 3261, the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA). While this is a domestic bill, there are several provisions within SOPA that would have serious implications for international civil and human rights which raise concerns about how the United States is approaching global internetgovernance. … Through SOPA, the United States is attempting to dominate a shared global resource.SOPA puts the interests of rightsholders ahead of the rights of society.Censoring the internet is the wrong approach to protecting any sectoral interest in business. By adopting SOPA, the United States would lose its position as a global leader in supporting a free and open Internet for public good. – The international civil and human rights community urges Congress to reject the Stop Online Privacy Act.

      GigaOM: “What the web is saying about SOPA – We’ve gathered a sample from various sources to help readers get a feel for the comments out there and see the big picture. Happy reading.”

  • Gerrit Eicker 08:38 on 26. June 2010 Permalink
    Tags: , , , Creative Commons, CTRL-Verlust, , , , , , , ,   

    FAZ-CTRL 

    Seemanns CTRL-Blog wurde von der FAZ wegen Urheberrechtsverletzungen offline genommen. Kontrollverlust? http://j.mp/clmVey

     
    • Gerrit Eicker 08:45 on 26. June 2010 Permalink | Reply

      Seemann: “Heute ist mein Blog bei der FAZ ‘gesperrt’ worden. Es gibt viele Fragen überall und einige Spekulationen. Ich verstehe auch nicht alles. Aber um die Gerüchte mal ein bisschen einzugrenzen, hier die Faktenlage: Es gab wohl insgesamt Ärger mit einigen Bildern, die in Blogs verwendet werden, zum Beispiel auch in meinen. Deswegen ging eine Rundmail an einige der Blogger herum, man möge dort doch besser aufpassen und ein paar Tipps, wie man Bilder richtig einsetzt. … Ich habe Fehler gemacht, ohne Frage. Aber ob es richtig oder falsch war, den Blogeintrag wieder zu veröffentlichen, ist eine Frage, welche Absprache denn nun gilt. Um ehrlich zu sein: ein Blog, bei dem ich ohne sachlichen Grund gehindert werde, Beiträge zu veröffentlichen, würde sich nicht wie mein Blog anfühlen. Das tat es aber bisher.”

      FAZ/Carta: “Herr Seemann hat mehrfach Fotos in sein Blog CTRL-Verlust gestellt, deren Rechteinhaber ausdrücklich die kommerzielle Nutzung untersagten. … In seinem jüngsten Blogbeitrag hatte Herr Seemann drei Fotos veröffentlicht, die unter Creative-Commons-Lizenz standen und nicht zur kommerziellen Nutzung freigegeben waren. Die Redaktion hat diesen Beitrag daraufhin aus dem Netz genommen und Herrn Seemann in einer Mail darüber informiert. – Entgegen redaktioneller Absprache hat Herr Seemann diesen Beitrag kurze Zeit später durch eine Version ohne Fotos ersetzt und ohne Rücksprache auf der Homepage von FAZ.NET publiziert. Daraufhin hat die Redaktion sein Blog vorübergehend gesperrt.”

      Carta: “Seemann intellektualisierte sehr gewinnbringend, aber nicht eben konservativ über das Internet. Er verband seine Sujets mit viel Theorie und einer eigensinnigen bis erratischen Bilderauswahl. Mit anderen Worten: Seemann betrieb unter dem F.A.Z.-Dach ein außergewöhnliches, mutiges Blog; ein publizistisches Kleinod, das auf die F.A.Z. abstrahlte und sich zugleich auch an ihr rieb. … Es gehört wenig dazu zu erahnen, dass die Bilderrechte nur der Anknüpfungspunkt und der anschließende Streit nur eine gesteigerte Eskalationsstufe eines dahinterliegenden, grundsätzlichen Konflikts darstellen: Es geht um Autorensouveränität vs. Redaktionssouveränität – also um Kontrolle. Es geht um die Frage, welche Verfügungsgewalt das per publishing rights ermächtigte Autorensubjekt über seinen Subbereich einer Website hat, vorüber am Ende doch die Marke als Ganzes steht. … Der Fall Ctrl-Verlust zeigt daher vor allem, dass sich journalistische Kulturen verändern müssen, wenn – was publizistisch wie ökonomisch unerlässlich erscheint – neue Formen dezentraler Publizität erfolgreich eingebunden werden sollen. – Die F.A.Z. hat ein sehr beachtliches Blog-Projekt auf die Beine gestellt. Es ist daher zu hoffen, dass beide Seiten aus der Sache lernen und sich wieder berappeln.

      Neunetz: “Auch FAZ-Redakteure missachten CC-Lizenzen.Creative-Commons-Lizenzen zu verwenden, scheint auch für Medienprofis schwierig zu sein. Blogger Michael Seemann kostete die falsche Verwendung wohl sein FAZ-Blog. FAZ-Redakteure sind in der Verwendung von CC-Lizenzen aber auch nicht sattelfest. Das Urheberrecht hält auch im CC-Gewand noch zu viele, potentiell teure Fallstricke parat. … Medienmacher, Redakteure einer großen Tageszeitung wie professionelle Blogger, können offensichtlich CC-Lizenzen nicht korrekt einsetzen. Ich kenne mich verhältnismäßig gut aus, aber auch mir sind in diesem Bereich im Laufe der Jahre sicher schon Fehler unterlaufen. … Wer sich die Modernisierung des Urheberrechts vornehmen will, muss vor allem auch darüber reden. Wenn es nicht einmal den Profis und Experten gelingt, sich ohne Verletzung von Urheberrechten im Web zu bewegen, wie soll das dann der Rest der Bevölkerung schaffen?”

  • Gerrit Eicker 23:03 on 9. July 2009 Permalink
    Tags: , Creative Commons, , Google Images, , , , ,   

    Google Images Goes Creative Commons 

    Google Images now filters results to images that have been tagged with licenses like Creative Commons; http://tr.im/rD3H

     
  • Gerrit Eicker 18:09 on 18. February 2009 Permalink
    Tags: , Creative Commons, , TweetCC, ,   

    TweetCC 

    http://TweetCC.com: Publish and license tweets with Creative Commons; http://tr.im/gvf0  

     
  • Gerrit Eicker 09:05 on 2. December 2008 Permalink
    Tags: , CC BY, , Creative Commons, , ,   

    Change.gov Goes CC BY 

    Obama‘s Change.gov is now published under the most permissive Creative Commons licence: CC BY; http://is.gd/9Lov  

     
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